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Structure: Word categories

This time in our structure help we talk about word categories in English. This is vital to understand why certain words are acceptable in some situations, while other words aren’t acceptable.

When we think about word categories some of the most common categories are; nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and prepositions.

Nouns can refer to people (or other creatures), places or things.
Examples: Peter, friend, cat, table, book.

Verbs are words that relate to actions or states.
Examples: work, eat, fly.

Adjectives are describing words.
Examples: big, fast, happy.

Adverbs are formed by a large group of words that is impossible to go through here. However, some of the most common adverbs are ones that express ‘how something happens’ (slowly, quickly, easily etc…) or ‘how often something happens’ (usually, normally, never, sometimes etc…).

Prepositions are words that connect parts of a sentence and show the relationship between them.
Examples: in, on, at, with etc…

A good student’s dictionary like the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English tells you the category of a word you search for. By knowing the category of a word you can more easily use it in sentences. This is also a good way to build vocabulary because words often have some different forms; a verb, adjective and noun for example. By knowing each of these individual forms you are more easily able to use the correct one when necessary.

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Structure: ‘Prepositions of time’

Fly High English - Structure

This time in our structure help we talk about prepositions of time. The most common prepositions of time in English are at, on and in. In general, use at for times of day, on for days, and in for longer time periods. Study the diagram below for more information and try to write some of your own examples.

When to use prepositions of time.
When to use prepositions of time.

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Structure: ‘Like vs As’

Fly High English - Structure

This time in our structure help we talk about the difference between two prepositions, ‘like’ and ‘as’. Don’t confuse the verb ‘like’ with the preposition ‘like’. The verb ‘like’ is a regular verb, is very common and has a different meaning than the preposition ‘like’. The verb ‘like’ follows our normal sentence word order for verbs (subject + verb + object + place + time). Look at the diagram below to see the difference between these two prepositions, then try to write some examples for yourself.

A diagram which shows the difference between 'like' and 'as'.
The difference between ‘like’ and ‘as’.

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Structure: ‘Verbs + prepositions 4’

Fly High English - Structure

This week we are continuing with verbs and prepositions. Which verbs can use ‘for’ after them? Take a look at the diagram below to see some of the most common verbs that can use ‘for’ after them. ‘For’ is of course, only one possible preposition with these verbs, some of these verbs can use other prepositions too. Read the examples, write some examples yourself and read them out loud to become more familiar with them.

A diagram of verbs used with 'for'.
Verbs with ‘for’

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Structure: Verbs + prepositions 3

Fly High English - Structure

This week we are continuing with verbs and prepositions. Which verbs can use ‘about’ after them? Take a look at the diagram below to see some of the most common verbs that can use ‘about’ after them. ‘About’ is of course, only one possible preposition with these verbs, some of these verbs can use other prepositions too. Read the examples, write some examples yourself and read them out loud to become more familiar with them.

A diagram of verbs used with 'about'.
Verbs with ‘about’

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Structure: Verbs + prepositions 2

Fly High English - Structure

This week we are continuing with verbs and prepositions. Which verbs can use ‘at’ after them? Take a look at the diagram below to see some of the most common verbs that can use ‘at’ after them. ‘At’ is only one possible preposition with these verbs, some of these verbs can use other prepositions too. Read the examples, write some examples yourself and read them out loud to become more familiar with them.

Prepositions - AT

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